Organizations, when deciding to implement new remanufacturing processes, can face some difficulties. The table below lists the key barriers for remanufacturing.

Relationship with core supplier
  • Uncertainties about the quality of the used product. [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]

  • Uncertainties about the quantity of the used product. [16] [17] [21] [22]

  • Uncertainty about when the used product will return to the remanufacturing. [15] [17]

  • The enterprises have a high quantity of suppliers and the selection often only considers financial issues. [15]

  • The company does not have a close relationship with the final customer, when he is the supplier of raw material. [18]

  • High cost for the used product individual returns. [23]

  • When the customer is the supplier, he receives few incentives to return the product. [24]

Reverse logistics issues
  • Excess of used products waiting to be remanufactured which increases the need for more space. [25] [24]

  • Geographical dispersion of the used products location. [15] [24]

  • Products transportation to the warehouse or the factory for remanufacturing, yet the product is not able to be reused. [15] [22]

  • Need to structure reverse logistics. [24] [26]

  • Parts that are inappropriate for remanufacturing that can hinder the access to those parts that have potential to be remanufactured. [25]

Remanufacturing operation
  • High cost of used product inspection. [25] [27]

  • Difficulty and lack of accuracy of the inspection stage. [22]  [27]

  • Complexity and variability of the cleaning stage. [27] [28]

  • Difficulties in the disassembly stage mainly due to the excess of fixation points in the products. [15] [24] [27] [29] [30]

  • Low added value of the product and/or its parts to remanufacture. [30]

Remanufactured product selling
  • Low demand of remanufactured products. [15] [25] [31] [32]

  • Unstable demand of remanufactured products. [24] [26]

  • The remanufactured product can be unattractive when compared with the new one. [15]

  • Low customer acceptance. [29]

  • Customer uncertainty about the quality of the remanufactured products, making them suspicious of the purchase. [18] [15] [25] [27] [29] [31] [33]

  • The sales channel for remanufactured products is poorly structured and underdeveloped. [34]

Knowledge and abilities of employees
  • Employees and senior management often do not know about the true meaning of the word "remanufacturing". [33] [35]

  • The difficulty in standardizing the processes of remanufacturing due to the variability of components, parts, products and processes need employees with multiple skills. [15]

  •  Lack of employees skills. [36] [37] [38]

Design for remanufacturing
  • High diversity of products  making difficult to standardize the processes of remanufacturing. [36] [37] [38]

  • Utilization of high variety of materials. [25]

  • Utilization of less durable materials. [29]

  • Low possibility of remanufacturing of most products because of the little concern in designing for remanufacturing. [26] [29] [32] [38]

  • Immature technological products. [29]

  • Design aesthetic is much more predominant compared to functional design. [27]

Information flow on remanufacturing system
  • Lack of communication within the remanufacturing value chain. [37]

  • Information about the logic and sequence of the product assembly which could help in the disassembly stage are not available for remanufacturing actor. [24]

  • Information required for the remanufacturing are available late in the value chain. [15] [21]

  • Lack of information about the product during its use phase. [37] [39]

  • Little information about the benefits and quality of remanufacturing which arrives at the customer. [40]

  • Lack of standards and legislation for remanufacturing. [41]





Contact for Germany

Technische Universität Berlin
Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fabrikbetrieb
Pascalstr. 8-9, 10587 Berlin
Thomas Guidat: guidat[at]mf.tu-berlin.de

Contact for Brazil

Universidade de Sao Paulo
Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos
Av. Trabalhador São-carlense, 400, Pq Arnold Schimidt
São Carlos - SP/Brasil, CEP 13566-590
Ana Paula Barquet: anabarquet[at]hotmail.com